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Life Sketch of Rabindranath Tagore

 1861   Born on Monday, 7th May, 1861 (25 Vaisakha, 1268) at Jorasanko, Kolkata.
1865   Admitted to Calcutta Training Academy.
1868   Admitted to Oriental Seminary and later to Normal School.
1871   Admitted to Bengal Academy.
1873   Goes with his father Debendranath Tagore on a trip to the Himalayas; his first visit to Bolpur on the way and composes a drama, Prithvirajer Parajay.
1874   His poem entitled Abhilash appears in the Tattvabodhini Patrika. He is admitted to St. Xavier’s School in Calcutta.
1875   On the 11th February, in his first public appearance, recites a patriotic poem at the Hindu Mela.
1877   Starts to publish poems and articles regularly in his family’s monthly journal, Bharati.
1878   Goes to England with brother, Satyendranath.
1880   Returns to India without completing any course of study.
1881   Composes his first set of devotional songs for anniversary of Brahmo Samaj- Maghotsav. His first musical play, Valmiki-Pratibha staged at Jorasanko.
1883   Marries Mrinalini Devi.
1884   Is appointed Secretary to the Adi Brahmo Samaj; enters into controversy with Bankimchandra over the neo-Hindu movement.
1885   Takes charge of Balak, a monthly magazine for the young.
1890   Severely attacks the anti-Indian policy of Lord Cross, then Secretary of State for India. Takes charge of the management of the Tagore Estates with Shilaidah as his headquarters.
1891   Writes his first six short stories including Post Master.
1892   At the request of the Rajshahi Association, writes his first criticism of the system of education, Sikshar Herpher, a logical and vigorous proposal for the acceptance of mother tongue as the medium of instruction.
1894   Takes over editorial charge of Sadhana.
1898   Initiates agricultural experiments on his estates. Reacting to Sedition Bill; and arrest of Bal Gangadhar Tilak; he reads his paper Kantha-Rodh (The Throttled) at a public meeting in Calcutta.
1899   At the anniversary of Poush Mela (23 December), leads the prayer and delivers his first sermon on Brahmoponishad in the Mandir at Santiniketan.
1901   He establishes school at Santiniketan. Revives Bangadarshan, editing it for five years. Comes into contact with Brahmabandhab Upadhyay.
1905   Agitation started against Lord Curzon’s proposal to partition Bengal. Rabindranath advocates policy of constructive non-cooperation against the British. On 16th October (the day partition becomes a settled fact), Rabindranath initiates the Rakhi-bandhan ceremony as a symbol of unity in Bengal. He leads a huge procession through the streets of Calcutta singing Banglar mati, Banglar jal.
1906   Writes a series of articles on problems of education and draws up a comprehensive programme of work for the National Council of Education.
1908   Initiates organised village uplift work in the Patisar region of the Tagore estates with the help of Kalimohan Ghosh and others.
1910   Christmas Day is observed at Santiniketan for the first time – the Poet conducts the service.
1912   English Gitanjali published by the India Society, London.
1913   English versions of Gitanjali, The Crescent Moon, The Gardener and Chitra were published by Macmillan. On 13th November, Rabindranath was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.
1914   Gandhi’s students from Phoenix, South Africa come to Santiniketan.
1915   Receives knighthood. Meet Gandhi for the first time.
1916   Travels to Japan and USA, giving lectures on Nationalism and Personality.
1917   Lends support to Pramatha Chaudhuri’s attempts to popularise spoken Bengali as a vehicle of literary expression and himself contributes to Sabujpatra, his first story written in colloquial Bengali, Paila Nambar.
1918   Formal foundation stone of Visva-Bharati is laid.
1919   Cautions Gandhi against misuse of passive resistance. He renounces knighthood in protest against Jalianwallah Bagh massacre.
1920   Leaves for England on a lecture tour to raise funds for Visva-Bharati. He travels to France, Holland and USA.
1921   Visits England, France, Switzerland, Germany, Sweden, Austria and Czechoslovakia.
1922   Rural Reconstruction Institute at Sriniketan is formally inaugurated with Elmhirst as its first director.
1923   Visva-Bharati Quarterly starts publication under his editorship. Visarjan is staged at the Empire Theatre, Calcutta where the Poet plays the role of Jaysingha.
1924   Visits China and Japan and then sails for South America; stays in Buenos Aires as the guest of Victoria Ocampo.
1926   Travels to Italy (as a guest of Mussolini), Switzerland (where he meets Romain Rolland) and other countries of Europe.
1927   Undertakes tour of Southeast Asia.
1928   Starts painting regularly.
1930   His paintings are exhibited at the Gallerie Pigalle in Paris. Other exhibitions follow in Birmingham, in several European capitals and in USA. Delivers lectures in Oxford (published as The Religion of Man). He writes The Child, his one and only original English poem.
1932   Starts experimenting with vers libre in his Punascha.
1937   Rabindranath falls seriously ill. Prantik (Borderland) poems published. Convocation address given in Bengali (first time in Calcutta University).
1940   Oxford University holds special Convocation at Santiniketan to confer Doctorate to Rabindranath.
1941   His final lecture, Crisis in Civilisation is read on his eightieth birthday. Gurudev dies on 7th August at Kolkata.